Firman Firdaus


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh political efficacy dan social identity terhadap civic duty to vote. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 360 partisipan. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk pengukuran Civic Duty To Vote pada penelitian ini didasarkan oleh pengukuran dikembangkan oleh Blais dan Galais (2016). Sedangkan untuk pengukuran Political Efficacy berdasarkan dari Craig, Niemi, & Silver (1990) melalui dua dimensi yaitu dimensi internal dan eksternal. Terakhir, untuk pengukuran social identity menggunakan pengukuran Cameron (2004) dengan nama Three Dimensional Strength of Group Identification Scale. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan teknik analisis regresi berganda menggunakan software SPSS 20.00. Kesimpulan penelitian ini bahwa ada pengaruh yang signifikan political efficacy dan social identity terhadap Civic Duty To Vote.


Civic Duty To Vote, Political Efficacy dan Social Identity

Full Text:



Ahmadu, T. S., Don, Y. B., & Hamzat, I. H. (2016). The Influence of Citizenship Norms, Efficacy Belief, and Parents’ Participation on Students’ Civic Engagement in Nigerian Universities: Data Screening and Preliminary Analysis. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 6(2), 81.

Aldrich, J. H. (1993). Rational choice and turnout. American journal of political science, 246-278.

Ashforth, B. E., & Mael, F. A. 1989. Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of Management Review, 14: 20–39.

Blais, A. (2000). To vote or not to vote?: The merits and limits of rational choice theory. University of Pittsburgh Press.

Blais, A., & Achen, C. H. (2010). Taking civic duty seriously: Political theory and voter turnout. Unpublished manuscript.

Blais, A., & Galais, C. (2016). Measuring the civic duty to vote: A proposal. Electoral Studies, 41, 60-69.

Beerbohm, E. (2012). In our name: The ethics of democracy. Princeton University Press.

Ben-Bassat, A., & Dahan, M. (2012). Social identity and voting behavior. Public Choice, 151(1-2), 193-214.

Bowler, S., Lanoue, D. J., & Savoie, P. (1994). Electoral systems, party competition, and strength of partisan attachment: evidence from three countries. The Journal of Politics, 56(4), 991-1007.

Cameron, J. E. (2004). A three-factor model of social identity. Self and identity, 3(3), 239-262.

Campbell, A., Gurin, G., & Miller, W. E. (1954). The voter decides. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson and Company.

Chapman, E. B. (2015). There is a Duty to Vote: Grounds for the ‘Folk Theory of Voting Ethics’. Working Paper.

Carlsson, F., & Johansson-Stenman, O. (2009). Voting motives, group identity, and social norms. rapport nr.: Working Papers in Economics 366.

Craig, S.C, Niemi, R. and Silver, G.E. (1990). Political Efficacy and Trust: A Report on the NES Pilot Study Items. Political Behavior Vol. 12, No. 3, 289-314.

Dutton, J. E., Dukerich, J. M., & Harquail, C. V. 1994. Organizational images and member identification. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39: 239–263.

Foster, M. F. (2018). Identity, Civic Duty and Electoral Participation: Causes of Variation in Electoral Participation (Doctoral dissertation University of Colorado at Boulder).

Fowler, J. H., & Kam, C. D. (2007). Beyond the self: Social identity, altruism, and political participation. The Journal of politics, 69(3), 813-827.

Groβer, J. & Schram, A. (2006). Neighborhood information exchange and voter participation: An experimental study. American Political Science Review. 100(2): 235248.

Goldman, A. I. (1999). Why citizens should vote: A causal responsibility approach. Social philosophy and policy, 16(2), 201-217.

Gerber, A. S., Green, D. P., & Larimer, C. W. (2008). Social pressure and voter turnout: Evidence from a large-scale field experiment. American political Science review, 102(1), 33-48.

Graham, J., Nosek, B. A., Haidt, J., Iyer, R., Koleva, S., & Ditto, P. H. (2011). Mapping the moral domain. Journal of personality and social psychology, 101(2), 366.

Green, D. P., & Gerber, A. S. (2019). Get out the vote: How to increase voter turnout. Brookings Institution Press.

Greene, Steven. 2002. “The Social-Psychological Measurement of Partisanship.” Political Behavior 24(3):171-197.

Hylmö, A., & Wennerhag, M. (2012). Does class matter in protests? Social class, attitudes towards inequality, and political trust in European demonstrations in a time of economic crisis. In 2012 SISP Conference.

Karp, J. A., & Banducci, S. A. (2008). Political efficacy and participation in twenty-seven democracies: How electoral systems shape political behaviour. British journal of political science, 311-334.

Kahne, J., & Westheimer, J. (2006). The limits of political efficacy: Educating citizens for a democratic society. Ps-Political Science and Politics. 39(2),289-296.

Knack, S. (1992). Civic norms, social sanctions, and voter turnout. Rationality and society, 4(2), 133-156.

Niemi, R. G., Craig, S. C., & Mattei, F. (1991). Measuring internal political efficacy in the 1988 National Election Study. American Political Science Review, 85(4), 1407-1413.

Ognyanova, K., & Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (2015). Political efficacy on the internet: A media system dependency approach. In Communication and Information Technologies Annual (pp. 3-27). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Schram, A. & Sonnemans, J. (1996). Why people vote: Experimental evidence. Journal of Economic Psychology. 17: 417-442

Tuck, Richard. 2008. Free Riding. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Tajfel, H. (1978). Differentiation between social groups. London: Academic Press.

Tajfel, H., Turner, J. C., Austin, W. G., & Worchel, S. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. Organizational identity: A reader, 56-65.

Turner, J. C., & Oakes, P. J. (1986). The significance of the social identity concept for social psychology with reference to individualism, interactionism and social influence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 25(3), 237-252.

Valentino, N.A., Gregorowicz, K., and Groenenendyk, E.W. (2009). Efficacy, Emotions, and the Habit of Participation. Political Behaviour Vol. 31, pp 307-330.

Verba, S., Schlozman, K.L., Brady, H.E., 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Whetten, D. A., & Mackey, A. 2002. A social actor conception of organizational identity and its implications for the study of organizational reputation. Business & Society, 41: 393–414.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Biopsikososial : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Mercubuana Jakarta


Print ISSN: 2599-0470

Online ISSN: 2598-4918



JBUMB and its articles is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Tim Editorial Office


Universitas Mercu Buana

Jalan Meruya Selatan No. 1, Kembangan, Jakarta Barat