Examining the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior among the Lecturers of Higher Institutions in Katsina State Nigeria

Abba Yangaiya Salisu


The study is aim at examining the relationship between transformational leadership (TL) and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) among the lecturers of higher institutions in Katsina state Nigeria. Four hundred and three participants were used in this study. The study used transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior questionnaires to get the needed data. Both questionnaires were adopted and adapted.  Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were employed to analyze the data collected using Special Package for Social Science Research (SPSS) version 20. The findings indicate that there are significant and positive relationship between transformational leadership and organizational citizenship behavior of lecturers of higher institutions in Katsina state (R2 .43). The findings bring to the fore the need for the heads of institutions of higher learning to enhance the lecturer’s organizational citizenship behavior by full application of transformational leadership practices in their respective institutions.  The findings add to the existing literature on leadership especially in Nigeria where little was written on the area.


Transformational leadership, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Higher institutions, Nigeria

Full Text:



Belogolovsky, E., & Somech, A (2010). Teachers organizational Citizenship Behavior: Examining the boundary between In-role and Extra-Role Behavior from the Perspective of Teachers, Principals and Parents. Journal of Teaching and Teacher Education, 26, 914-923.

Dipaola, M. F. & Costa Naves, P. M. M. (2009). Organizational Citizenship Behavior in American and Portuguese Public Schools, Measuring the construct across cultures. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(4), 490-507.

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004), National policy on Education, Abuja, Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council.

Korejan, M. M. & Shahbazi, H. (2016) An analysis of Transformational Leadship Theory. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Science, 8(35), 452-461.

Lashway. L. (2006). Distributed Leadership, in Smith, S. C. & Piele, P. K. (eds) School Leadership (4th edition), California, Corwin Press.

Leithwood, K., Louis, K. S., Anderson, S. and Wahlstron, K. (2004). How Leadership Influences Students Learning. Retrieved from www.wallacefoundation.org on 12th May 2022.

Lisa, C. Sulaiman, Kesumi, T. M. (2021). The Effect of Transformational Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behaviorwhere Trust and Job Satisfaction are as mediation Variables (study at PT. Bank BRI (Persero) TBK. Banda Aceh Branch Offices. International Journal of Academic Reseach in Business and Social Sciences 11(9), 1380-1402.

Lok, P & Crawford, J. (2004). The Effect of Leadership Culture and Leadership Styles on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment: A cross National Comparism, Journal of Management Development, 23(4). 321-338

Majeed, N., Ramaya, T., Mustamil, N., Nazri,M. and Jamshed, S. (2017), Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Modeling Emotional Intelligence as Mediator, Management and Marketing. Challenges for the Knowledge Society 12(4).

Megginson, L. C.,Mosley, D. C. &Pietri, P. H. (1983). Management: Concept and Applications, New York, Harper and Row Publishers.

Nadim, M., Hassan, M. M., Abbas, S. & Naveed, A (2016). The Role of Organizational Commitment and Percieved Organizational Support in Promoting Organizational Citizenship Behavior. International Journal of Social Sciences 2(3). 54-67.

Njagi, S.R. (2018). School Climate and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. International Journal of Education (IJE), 6(2), 13-28.

Nurjana, S. Perbianti, V. & Handaru, A. W. (2020). The Influence of Transformational Leadership, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Inspectorate General of the Ministry of Education and Culture, Cogent Business & Management, 7.

Oplatka, I (2009). Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Teaching: The Consequences for Teachers, Pupils and School. Journal of Educational Management, 23(5),

Paramasiran, G. M. (2015). Role of Self-Efficacy and Family Supportive Organizational Perception in Teachers’ Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Asian Education and Development Studies, 4(4), 394-408.

Pieterse, A. N., Van Knippenberg, D., Schippers, M & Stam, D (2010). Transformational Leadership and Transactional Leadership and Innovative Behavior: The moderating Role of Psychological Empowerment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 609-623.

Pont, B., Nusche, D. & Moormen, H. (2008). Improving School Leadership Volume I: Policy and Practice, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Retrieved from www.oecd.org.publishing/corrigends, 0n 13th May, 2022.

Salisu, A. Y. (2013).Investigating the Relationship between Teachers Distributed leadership Characteristics and School Effectiveness in Selected Secondary Schools in Katsina State Nigeria, Un Published Ph.D Thesis. International Islamic University Malaysia.

Salisu, A. Y. (2014). Relationship between Distributed Leadership and Teachers Organizational Commitment in Katsina State Secondary Schools Kano Journal of Educational Studies (KAJEST). 4(1). 43-50.

Salisu, A. Y. (2020). Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Commitment Influence on Turnover intention of Secondary School Teachers in Katsina State Nigeria. UMYU Journal of Counselling and Educational Foundations 1(2), 45-50.

Salisu, A., Abdulkarim, B., Obeka, S.S. & Musa, M (2019). Enhancing Creativity in Cartographic Techniques among Undergraduate Geograpy Students in North West Nigeria Using Innovative Pedagogical Approaches: A case study of Computer Animation, Virtual and Blended Models. UMYU Journal of Educational Research, 9(1), 166-176

Sesan, H. & Basim N. H. (2012). Impact of Satisfaction and Commitment on Teachers’ Organizational Citizenship. Educational Psychology 34(4), 475-491.

Ugochukwu, C. (2021). Transformational Leadership, Simply Psychology Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org, on 11th May, 2022.

Yulk, G. (2002). Leadership in Organization, Upper Saddle River, New Jessey, Prentice Hall Publishing.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22441/jiess.2022.v3i1.003


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islamic Economics and Social Science (JIESS)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Islamic Economics and Social Science (JIESS)

Portal ISSNPrint ISSN: 2722-7499
Online ISSN: 2722-7111

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Team Office
Journal of Islamic Economics and Social Science (JIESS)

Ikatan Ahli Ekonomi Islam (IAEI)
Komisariat: Universitas Mercu Buana
Faculty of Economic and Business Building
Jl. Raya Meruya Selatan, Kembangan, Jakarta-11650
Telp.021-5840816 Ext. 5342, Fax. 021-5871312
Email: editor.jiess@mercubuana.ac.id.
Website: http://publikasi.mercubuana.ac.id/index.php/jiess