Usulan Perancangan Sistem Kerja Dengan Metode Macro Ergonomics Analysis and Design (MEAD) pada Stasiun Kerja Percetakan di UD. Roti Rachmat Purwarkarta

Muhammad Ali Akbar, Priyo Ari Wibowo, Ine Indriana Hermawan


The rapid advancement of technology today has helped humans in completing their work. Some jobs that require physical activity can still be observed in various types of industrial sectors. Bad impacts can occur if the workload is too heavy and is done repeatedly so that it can affect the health of workers and decrease productivity. UD. Roti Rachmat Purwakarta is a business engaged in the food industry for making bread. The actual condition is that many activities are carried out manually with non-ergonomic working positions. This study aimed to identify and analyze complaints of the musculoskeletal system on the operator and provide suggestions for designing an ergonomic work system. To improve the work system, namely by using the Macroergonomic Analysis and Design (MEAD) method. Complaint identification was carried out using the Standard Nordic Questionnaire (SNQ). The results showed that the pain experienced by the operator at the printing work station was in the left and right shoulders, back, waist, forearms, wrists, knees, and right hands and calves. The result of the REBA score is 10 which indicates the risk levels are high. The results of the proposed work system design are in the form of a hydraulic trolley designed through an anthropometric approach using the 95th percentile so that the dimensions of the worker's body at the printing work station are shoulder width 45.495 cm, maximum grip diameter of 4.735 cm, elbow height 110.752 cm, foot length 25.639 cm and a foot width of 10.510 cm.


ergonomics; MEAD; REBA; SNQ; work systems

Full Text:



Adrianto, B.A., Adiatmika, I.P.G., & Suardana, I.P.E. (2017). Redesain Stasiun Kerja CV Massa Digital Printing Denpasar Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Menurunkan Keluhan Muskuloskeletal. The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic, 3(2), 1–10.

Arifin, A.N., Kuswardinah, A., & Deliana, S.M. (2019). Analysis of Postures Towards Musculoskeletal Disorders Experienced By Batik Artisans of Sukamaju Giriloyo Yogyakarta. Public Health Perspective Journal, 5(63), 1–8.

Asih, I., Setiawan, I., Hernadewita, H., & Hendra, H. (2022). Effects of ergonomics intervention on work accidents in the construction sector and their effect on productivity. Jurnal Sistem Dan Manajemen Industri, 6(1), 45–55.

Chin, J., Herlina, Iridiastadi, H., Shu-Chiang, L., & Fadil Persada, S. (2019). Workload Analysis by Using Nordic Body Map, Borg RPE and NIOSH Manual Lifting Equation Analyses: A Case Study in Sheet Metal Industry. 2nd International Conference on Advance & Scientific Innovation, 1424, 4–10.

Diansari, B. N., & Suhardi, B. (2021). Macroergonomic and Analysis Design (MEAD) for Permanent Shelter of Public Transportation. Proceedings of the Second Asia Pacific International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, September, 2723–2731.

Iridiastadi, H., & Yassierli. (2014). Ergonomi Suatu Pengantar (1st ed.). PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Kleiner, B. M. (1999). Macroergonomic analysis and design for improved safety and quality performance. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 5(2), 217–245.

Pratiwi, P. A., Widyaningrum, D., & Jufriyanto, M. (2021). Analisis Postur Kerja Menggunakan Metode REBA Untuk Mengurangi Risiko Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSDs). PROFISIENSI: Jurnal Program Studi Teknik Industri, 9(2), 205–214.

Purnomo, H., Giyono, E., & Apsari, A. E. (2017). The use of macro-ergonomic work system designs to reduce musculoskeletal disorders and injury risk in training. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 28(1), 47–56.

Purnomo, H., Lestari, V., & Kisanjani, A. (2020). Ergonomic Work System Design Using Kansei Engineering Approach. Sinergi, 24(2), 109.

Rachmawati, D., & Hidayat, S. (2019). Musculoskeletal Disorders and Its Related Factors among Workers in Circulator Loom Unit. The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 8(3), 265.

Rahmahwati, R., Prawatya, Y. E., & Lumbantoruan, B. (2021). Rancang Bangun Alat Pengupas Kulit Kopi Mentah Dengan Metode Rapid Upper Limb Assesment (RULA) Untuk Mengurangi Keluhan Muskoloskeletal. Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering, 13(1), 124.

Realyvásquez, A., Maldonado-Macías, A. A., García-Alcaraz, J. L., & Blanco-Fernández, J. (2015). Effects of Organizational Macroergonomic Compatibility Elements over Manufacturing Systems’ Performance. 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, 3, 5715–5722.

Roopnarain, R., Dewa, M., & Ramdass, K. R. (2019). Use of scientific ergonomic programmes to improve organisational performance. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 30(3), 1–8.

Smith, T. J., Robertson, M. M., & Henning, R. A. (2019). Macroergonomics - A Reappraisal. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 63(1), 924–928.

Sofyan, D. K., & Amir. (2019). Determination of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) complaints level with Nordic Body Map (NBM). 1st International Conference on Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, 505, 1–7.

Sumarningsih, T., Wibowo, M. A., Prabandiyani, S., & Wardani, R. (2016). Ergonomics in Work Method to Improve Construction Labor Productivity. International Journal of Science and Engineering (IJSE), 10(1), 30–34.

Suwartini, N. L. G., Tirtayasa, K., & Handari Adiputra, L. M. I. S. (2020). The Improvement of Working Posture and Ergonomic Workplace Stretching Decreased Musculoskeletal Complaint and Fatigue and Increased Productivity of Nurses. The Indonesian Journal of Ergonomic, 6(2), 105.

Tesalonika, J., Siboro, B. A. H., & Marbun, C. E. (2021). Perancangan stasiun kerja instruktur laboratorium desain produk dan inovasi menggunakan metode ergonomic function deployment. Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering, 13(2), 148.

Wahyuni, D., Budiman, I., Nasution, H., & Wijaya, K. (2018). Improving Work System Design using Macro-Ergonomics Approach in Rubber Processing Plant. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 288(1), 1–6.

Widana, I. K., Sumetri, N. W., & Ketut Sutapa, I. (2018). Ergonomic Work Station Design to Improve Workload Quality and Productivity of the Craffsmen. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 953, 1–8.

Wijaya, M. A., Siboro, B. A. H., & Purbasari, A. (2016). The Comparative Analysis of Anthropometry Between Student of Shape Vessel Shipyard Workers and Students of Workers Electronic. PROFISIENSI: Jurnal Program Studi Teknik Industri, 4(2), 109–112.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal ISSN:

Portal ISSNPrint ISSN: 2085-4293
Online ISSN: 2654-5799

Tim Editorial Office
Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering

Magister Teknik Industri Universitas Mercu Buana
Jl. Raya Meruya Selatan No. 1 Kembangan Jakarta Barat
Email: [[email protected]]
Journal DOI: 10.22441/oe

The Journal is Indexed and Journal List Title by: